Skip to main content

In the Money & Out of the Money Options



In options trading, moneyness is the relationship of the current price of the underlying asset to the strike price of a call or put option contract written on that asset. 

With options trading, the difference between ‘in the money’ and ‘out of the money’ is entirely based on the relationship between the strike price to the current market price of the underlying stock, bond, or commodity, and the magnitude of this position is known as moneyness.

There are three types of classifications for the moneyness of an option contract:

An option is ‘in the money’ if the contract would have intrinsic value if it were exercised today. 

An option is ‘out of the money’ if the contract would have zero intrinsic value if it were exercised today. 

An option is said to be ‘at the money’ if the current strike price is exactly the same as the current market price.  

A call option is in the money if the strike price is more than the current price of the asset it is written on. A put option is in the money if the strike price is less than the current price of the asset it is written on. The reverse is true for an out of the money option. Intrinsic value is measured by how deep in the money an option is. 

The amount of the move an option captures starts at 50% for an at the money option when the strike price and the asset price are equal in value and expands as an option goes deeper in the money and declines as an option goes farther away from the strike price. This is known as Options Delta.

Since in the money options have some level of  intrinsic value they are priced higher than out of the money options in the same option chain as their Delta is higher and captures more of the move in the underlying asset. In the money options have a higher probability of expiring in the money and capturing intrinsic value but the out of the money options have a higher gain in percentage if they start moving closer to being at the money as the Gamma increases pricing in the growing chance of them expiring in the money.

Many times you will see options abbreviated as ITM, OTM, or ATM designating their relationship to their current strike price. 

stockmarketadvisory.in

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Pre- Market Analysis (5th May 2022)

U.S Markets closed higher yesterday. Asian markets are higher. SGX nifty is up 150 points. Yesterday was a very tricky and unexpected session. As soon as Market opened there was a continuous selling. Market was falling left , right and center without taking any support. I was wondering why is the Market going against the global cues Then we got the news about RBI Governer press conference. So some informed people already knew about this rate hike. Hence there was a sudden selling in the markets. RBI hiked repo rate by 40 basis points and Cash Reverse ratio by 50 basis points. Repo rate is the rate at which banks borrow money from RBI. When the rate is increased banks borrow money at higher cost and in turn loans also get costlier. This slows down the growth and liquidity in the Market temporarily. Cash reserve ratio is the interest free deposit money which banks have to keep with RBI. RBI uses that money without having to pay any interest on it. Increasing CRR means RBI is

Pre - Market Analysis (18th April 2022)

U.S Markets closed lower on Thursday. Asian markets are all lower. Dow futures are lower right now. SGX Nifty is down 250 points. Indicating a huge gap down at the open. Reason is the Global markets underperformance plus not so good corporate results. Infosys has disappointed and missed earnings by street estimates. Infy ADR was down 9% in last 2 trading sessions in U.S Hdfc bank also missed earnings but asset quality has been improved. Today we can expect huge gap down openimg in infy. Hdfc bank has limited downside left because it has already fallen a lot after the merger news. 17150-17200 is a strong support on Nifty and this is where 200 DMA kicks in. If you are a Bull this is a large support area. Markets are oversold and this offers a good opportunity to go long. Nect support comes in at 17k. If global markets keep declining then no support would work. Bank Nifty 200 DMA kicks in at 36800. Bank Nifty looks much stronger than Nifty currently as IT isn't included in

Pre - Market Analysis (11th April 2022)

U.S Markets closed mixed on Friday. Dow Jones closed slightly higher. S&P 500 was flat and Nasdaq is very weak. Right now , Dow futures are lower. SGX Nifty is down 100 points. So we are in for a gap down opening today. Friday was a quite interesting day. As expected , RBI policy was a status quo. Nifty broke Thursday low of 17640 and traded below for quite some time. And then for a short squeeze. All the shorts were trapped and we had a big rally. Most importantly , India VIX was down 7% on Friday. I expect markets to consolidate between 17600 to 18100 for a while. I do not see a reason to be excessively bearish now. Markets went from 17700 to 18100 because of hdfc twins. And then crashed to 17600 because of these both stocks. These both stocks have given up all of their gains and are back to Pre merger levels. There is very limited downside now for these stocks and expecting these stocks to bottom out soon 17500 to 17600 is a strong buy zone on Nifty. Also earnings se